20 questions about a modern school
1. Why is the school asking to buy textbooks? Aren't they provided to students at the expense of the budget?
Andrei Petrakovsky, history teacher, Education Center No. 57: “Of course, schools are equipped with educational literature. But for a teacher, a textbook is a tool, and it was not chosen by chance. There are a lot of good additional resolvers and other literature; some textbooks that are recognized by the pedagogical community, for example, mathematics books by Heidman and Peterson, were not included in the official list. Also, due to new requirements, all “one-time” textbooks (in which the student performs assignments) have disappeared from the list - many of them are methodologically literate. A separate problem with language books. The benefits of foreign publishers do not comply with state standards, because they do not contain materials about Russia and its culture, respectively, they cannot be the main ones, but many teachers believe that they should be used for effective training. ”
2. Is it true that there are no more gymnasiums and lyceums?
Indeed, now they have become part of educational complexes. At the same time, the collective of the gymnasium and lyceum does not necessarily break up: for example, strong teachers of the former language gymnasium remain to teach in specialized humanitarian classes. The situation for each particular school can be clarified independently from the administration.
3. Schools united in holdings, and I don’t understand which school our house now belongs to.
Vadim Andryushin, Director of State Budgetary Educational Establishment of Secondary School No. 481: “A child is enrolled in a school in Moscow automatically through the State Services portal (pgu.mos.ru). During the registration process, you will see which schools your home is attached to. In addition to the main, “your” school, you can apply for any two more schools in the city of Moscow - you will be included in the “additional” list. In most cases, there will be two or three schools available. These may be schools that are part of one educational complex - then the leadership of the complex will determine which building will study in which building. Quite often, after the merger, it suddenly turns out that the school, to which your house did not belong last year, is now available to you. The main thing is that without registration (at least temporarily, for 1 year) a child will not be able to accept a child in school either in Moscow or in the region. They are obliged to take your child to the school of city submission by registration in a specific area at any time, and to all the rest (not from the city subordination or in your city, but not in your area) - subject to availability or as a result of exams. ”
4. We are asked to make a voluntary donation. What to do?
Andrei Petrakovsky: “The school has the right to accept voluntary donations - it is important that they are truly voluntary, by bank transfer and accountable. A special fund is being created for these purposes, to the settlement account of which private individuals and organizations transfer money. The funds collected in this way can be spent on additional payments to teachers, the acquisition of necessary for educational activities. "
5. How will the Unified State Examination change in 2015?
It is possible that in many KIMs the simplest questions for multiple choice from Part A will disappear, but complicated questions will be added to Part B. It is also planned to introduce the section “Speaking” in the Unified State Exam in foreign languages. This will give an advantage to those who speak fluently, but often make mistakes due to carelessness in the test and in the essay - the value of such an error will become slightly less. However, it is quite possible that serious changes will not be made to CMMs: information on changes will be available in 2015. How to help your child prepare for exams.
Do all schools have uniforms
6. In all neighboring schools, the six-day period was canceled, but in ours - no. Does the school violate my child’s right to rest?
The school has a limit on the number of required hours per day. The teaching staff of schools, where they study a number of subjects in depth, are sure that a six-day period is necessary, because children have more school hours per week. If the school works according to the general educational program, then the question of a five-day week can be raised on the governing council of the school.
7. Our school (strong) has teamed up with two schools. Can my child be transferred to a "weak" school?
Andrei Petrakovsky: “If specialized classes are being formed at the school — mathematical, biological
8. Do all schools have uniforms?
The Law on Education enshrines the right of schools to introduce school uniforms - there are methodological recommendations of the Department of Education in this regard, but the planned introduction of a uniform for Russia in school uniforms has been postponed for at least a year. In practice, in many schools there is a requirement for a "business style" in school clothes. But, if the governing council decided on a compulsory school uniform, then all students must wear it. Read more about school uniforms here.
9. What are the effects of GIA?
On the rating of schools and the final grade of the student. There is no practice not to allow those who have passed the OGE badly (they call GIA now) into high school. When entering the profile 10th grades, an exam in the subject is important, but there is a recommended number of OGE points. Students who receive two points for Russian or math will have the opportunity to retake the exam. If "again a deuce", then the certificate will not be issued - only a certificate, and either leave for the second year, or offer to do self-training for retake. Without the results of the GIA, the path to college or high school, alas, is closed.
10. We do not really like the food in the school cafeteria, and even sell all kinds of chocolate chip cookies. What can be done to improve nutrition?
In Moscow, food is now being delivered by one of the united trusts, to which the school is attached on a territorial basis. In the school cafeteria, they just warm up the prepared food and sell those cookies. Trusts for the same money work differently - this is very noticeable when visiting canteens in different schools. On the one hand, trusts are afraid of complaints; on the other hand, they were given the opportunity to inspect school canteens. As a result, the quality of food depends on the ability of the school leadership to conduct diplomatic negotiations and exert pressure. In general, it is quite possible to influence school nutrition, but it is worth doing this through the governing council.
Is it possible to change the school curriculum
11. Is it possible to pay maternity capital for a private school?
Yes, after concluding an agreement with a private school, contact the pension fund for a list of required documents. An additional agreement to the contract with the school will be required - it is important to note the readiness of the school to wait for payment within two months and the obligation to return the money to the Pension Fund upon early termination of the contract.
12. Parents in our class are not satisfied with the choice of textbooks on the subject. Can we request a change in the program?
You can bring this issue to the attention of the governing council and resolve it by collecting the opinions of other parents. If the teacher works according to the state program and approved textbooks, it will not be easy to change the set of textbooks. If the teacher does not adhere to the state standard, he teaches according to his own methodology, it is worth asking him to argue his choice of program and educational literature. Perhaps you will be satisfied with his answers and it is very likely that there are not so many displeased parents.
13. What will change when entering universities in 2015?
It is planned that in 2015 the final essay will return to schools, and the average mark of the certificate will be added to the USE points. Winners of the olympiads need to score at least 65 points on the profile exam. The paper certificate of the Unified State Examination has disappeared: the university itself checks all the information about scores in the federal database. A quota for preferential categories of applicants has been established - at least 10% of budget places.
14. In our school, they actively campaign to go to paid circles. It is necessary?
By law, schools have the right to provide paid educational services if they have made the relevant chapters in the Charter, but, of course, visiting circles remains voluntary. A child who does not attend them should not be prejudiced from the point of view of the state program: for example, if in the first grade a foreign language is paid, and in the second one they begin to learn from the level at which the students of the circle stopped, this is a cause for complaint. If, after lessons, children are offered to attend paid lessons in music or dance, if they wish, this is normal.
15. Why do 10th and 11th grades make profile?
Yuri Geondzhian, Head of the Natural Science Profile of School No. 261: “Under a specialized high school is meant an in-depth study of several subjects in grades 10 and 11. In fact, most students in the 9th grade understand what they are inclined to and what kind of exams they will have to take to enter the university. In addition, specialized education forms and develops a picture of the world, a high school student will study with pleasure and achieve high results, if he is not just given more complex tasks in two or three subjects, but to form a suitable educational environment. "
What is the "admission to the Olympics"
16. How can parents influence the school if they are unhappy with something?
Each school has a governing council, the powers of which are spelled out in normative documents, it includes teachers, parents, students, trustees. Council members can approve the development program of the school and circles, control the spending of charitable contributions, consider complaints from students and parents
17. Should a preschooler attend preparatory classes at our chosen school?
Lyudmila Gavris, head teacher of SBEI secondary school No. 1371: “Pre-school courses do not give any advantage when enrolling in a school or for a particular teacher, but they can be useful for many children. In the classroom, children learn to communicate and interact with each other: we work in pairs and in groups, read “in roles”. Exercises in the form of a game help to develop logical thinking, speech. Most of the first-graders who attended such classes adapt more easily to school requirements, do not get lost in the classroom, worry less. ”
18. Why does the vacation schedule in different schools not coincide?
The fact is that the total number of school days is common for all schools, and the schools choose the vacation mode themselves: with the exception of the summer months, options may vary. You can discuss the annual schedule on the governing board. Also discussed and the start time of classes. In schools, where children from different parts of the city come, classes often begin not at 8:30, but at 9:00.
19. What is the "admission to the Olympics"? And is it necessary to somehow prepare the child for them?
Each year, data are summarized for all olympiads organized by various universities or independent organizing committees. At the end of the school year, olympiads are assigned levels. Olympiads of the 1st level are highly valued, less often than the second - the victory and prize-winning in them are equated to 100 points on the USE. The most status is the All-Russian Olympiad for schoolchildren. Winners and prize-winners of the final stage have the right to enter any university without examinations, where this subject is one of the required for the chosen specialty. But there are also disadvantages of “admission to the Olympics”:
- Only the victories in the 11th grade in the year of admission are “counted”.
- The level of the Olympiad can be reduced already after the winners are determined (and they count on 100 points).
- Getting a prize at the 1st level Olympiad is much more difficult than writing an exam for 90+ points.
20. Is it true that children who fail to pass the TRP standards will not enter the university?
So far, there is no clear connection between the TRP and admission to the university. Rectors of leading universities believe that there is no serious need to add TRP points to the exam results and change the system of ranking applicants. Most likely, the high results of the TRP can be an additional advantage for applicants with good sports training. In the meantime, we can only advise you to follow the news of the Ministry of Education.