We make a site plan
How to make a plan for a summer cottage
A small garden, designed to receive fresh greens to the table and a certain number of berries, can be 2-3 square meters. m, a container garden - and even less. Well, the maximum size is unlimited. Before making a decision, think about whether you will use fresh vegetables only or make preparations.
How to navigate?
- One hundred square meters of garden will provide you with vegetables for the whole year, and most likely there will be even surpluses.
- A garden of 50 square meters. m - the best option for those who are not going to make harvests, but would like to have plenty of vegetables throughout the summer season.
Where to place?
In an open, sunny place, it is possible with separate but small sections of partial shade, preferably on an elevation protected from the wind. However, the winds can be fought. You must either put a solid fence on this side or plant shrubs or tall herbaceous plants. If seedlings of trees are growing next to the garden, or structures are planned, consider what kind of shadow they will give subsequently in order to adjust the location of the garden.
Types of a modern garden
Regular garden looks like a traditional country house, only very beautiful and well-groomed. The name "regular" does not mean that it is suitable only for the classical style. This is a plot of simple shape with rectangular beds between which there are convenient walkways. It’s easy to make a plan for such a garden plot. Such a garden is preferred for maintenance and harvesting and is suitable for cases when vegetables are grown in especially large volumes. Decorativeness is given to the regular garden by the design of beds and aisles. The beds are tall, well-shaped, neat and have beautiful sides: these can be wooden boxes, log fences, low “wickers”, brickwork, pebble curbs, as well as ready-made decorative borders intended for flower beds. The sides of small beds can be rope - for this, pegs are driven in at the corners of the bed, along which the bed is tightly wrapped with a thick twisted rope or rope. The aisles between the beds are either seeded with a lawn, or paved with brick, vibrocasting, wood saw cuts. It can also be covered with boards. To do this, passages must be covered with geotextiles in advance, and boards impregnated with an antiseptic should be laid on it.
Original layout resembles a collage or landscape composition. The shape of the garden can be any, if only space and style allowed: circle, triangle, spiral, wave, trapezoid. Such a garden is easier to fit into a complex site. The beds themselves are arbitrary - they can be round, triangular, oval, step.
Mix Garden dispersed throughout the site. Some vegetables and greens can be a curb along the path, some can be present in the flower garden, and some can be found next to the plantings of ornamental shrubs. In other words, the approach to vegetables is the same as to any ornamental plants: they land where it will look beautiful.
Collage The essence of such a garden is to make a beautiful composition of various elements. How to make a site plan? The beds can be arranged arbitrarily, but harmoniously. There are other, fairly large elements - flower beds, individual small shrubs, planting miniature conifers, beautiful accessories, driftwood and tiny, almost toy greenhouses for individual vegetables or flowers.
Container garden - the simplest option, which is a collection of containers of different shapes and sizes, they plant vegetables and herbs. This is a small mobile kitchen garden. You can have as many containers as you want, or just one, but huge. The material of the containers themselves can also be anything - depending on the style of your garden.
We form beds
Garden beds - the main element of the garden
- Fencing Modern beds, as a rule, have fences. The bed in the frame turns into a decorative object, acquiring a neat well-groomed appearance. But in addition to beauty, there are a number of other advantages: high beds are warmer, in spring they are ready to plant faster, the soil does not "leave" them with rain and snow, fertilizers are saved, much less weeds sprout, and it is more convenient to process them, especially for older people - you need to bend down and you can always sit on the side.
- Base soil The beds can be filled, taking as a basis the soil from your site, for example, from flower beds, as well as forest or field land. Humus and compost should be added to the soil - not more than 30%. And you can buy special vegetable soil in bags and sprinkle on the beds, supplementing it with soil from your site and compost.
- Basic care In autumn, it is best to apply organic fertilizers: manure, humus, compost, and also lay the green mass of certain plants: calendula, daisy, nettle, marigold, nasturtium, onion and garlic husk. After harvesting, it is very good to sow the beds with peas or mustard, and then dig them along with the entire sprouted green mass. In the autumn, the beds are dug up roughly enough, but in the spring - carefully. In this case, it is necessary to loosen the soil well, enriching it with oxygen, and, if necessary, fertilize it again - individually for specific crops, as well as thoroughly clean weeds. There is no need to rush with sowing. It is better to wait for the natural warming up of the soil and not force events, do not put arcs with a film
How to make a garden box from boards?
- To arrange such beds, take thick (4-5 cm) unedged boards 10-15 cm wide. They can be from pine (then the service life of the boxes will be 6 years) or from larch (they will last 10-12 years, or even more). The length of the boards is determined by you yourself - by the desired length and width of the beds. In addition to the boards themselves, you will need wooden blocks. / Li>
- The contours of the beds are marked with pegs and rope. Then the sides are set - two boards high. As a result, the total height of the side is approximately 30 cm.
- At the corners of the sides, the boards are fastened with the help of large metal corners.
- Additionally, the boxes are fixed with wooden stakes, which are hammered into the ground and tightly fix the boards. Stakes are driven into the ground on the inner side of the boxes at a distance of 1−1.5 m from each other.
- Soil is poured into the finished boxes. After 3-4 days, when the soil settles, you can start planting plants in new beds.
Supplement your flower beds with flowers useful for the garden: marigolds, nasturtium, calendula, garden chamomile, elecampane, yarrow, decorative bow and dahlia. These flowers contribute to the health of vegetable crops and repel many pests! Compatibility table of plants in the garden
What to plant on one bed? Compatibility table
Several types of vegetables can be planted on the same bed, but they must be partners helping each other grow!
If the plants in the beds are selected correctly, the yield will be higher, and the crops themselves are less susceptible to diseases and damage by pests.
- For example, parsley planted next to tomatoes improves their taste.
- Dill increases the yield of cucumbers, but cucumbers should not be combined with other spices.
- Tomatoes protect cabbage from the butterfly cabbage.
- Leek protects carrots from carrot flies.
- Garlic protects neighboring crops from the bear and slug, so it is often planted in strawberry bushes.
- Lettuce and spinach scare away earthen fleas.
- Do not plant next: cucumbers with cabbage, tomatoes with legumes, and onions with potatoes.
|The best predecessors||Sowing Culture||Compatible cultures|
|Cucumbers, Tomatoes||Radish||Cucumbers, carrots, parsley, all kinds of cabbage|
|Cucumbers, zucchini, all green crops||Onion||Beets, tomatoes, turnip, radish, radish, cabbage, carrots|
|Beets, Onions, Garlic||Carrot||Leek, onion, turnip, tomatoes, legumes, radish|
|Tomatoes, Peppers, Onions, Cabbage||Cucumbers||Zucchini, all green crops, dill|
|Cabbage, all root crops||Zucchini||Legumes, corn, green crops|
|Cucumbers, onions, zucchini||Tomatoes|
Garlic, leek, cucumbers, radishes, carrots, basil, asparagus